Real coconut palms are some of the most moody
Real coconut palms, surprising in nature with its gigantic size and a generous harvest of giant nuts, are considered not the most suitable plants for room culture. But, nevertheless, homemade coconut palms can be found in almost every flower shop, and many lovers even grow their coconut palms from purchased nuts. Whatever way the coconut palm tree gets to you, you should prepare for trouble: despite its beauty, this is one of the most difficult (if not the most difficult) palm trees to grow. And the power to save it, and even then only for a few years, only by experienced and very attentive flower growers. Caring for it will require not just regular, but super careful.
Homemade Coconut Version
On sale today there are so many palm trees called coconut that even experienced flower growers can get confused. Consultants often praise Weddel's coconuts, and other types of palm trees as an indoor version of the coconut, compact, beautiful and unpretentious. But such coconut palms and fan handsomes have almost nothing to do with coconut palms. Most often, under the guise of coconuts, we sell lithocariums (Lytocaryum) (Coconut Weddel (Lytocaryum weddellianum) and other species of the genus) and butium (Butia), whose name is still found as a synonym for coconut. They are also not easy to grow palm trees, but they are very far from a genuine coconut. Only one type of palm tree belongs to the Coconut family - Cocos nucifera. To confuse this palm with any other is simply impossible.
Coconut palm (Cocos nucifera) Is not only tropical, but also usually growing only in the coastal areas of the palm. Walnut coconuts are classified as cirrus palms and are quite large in size. In indoor conditions and even greenhouses, coconuts can grow up to 3 meters. But since it is very difficult to keep a palm tree until adulthood, coconuts are limited by much more modest parameters. Considered a fast-growing palm, coconut develops in the form of a slender, bush-like plant with a high trunk and an asymmetrical crown-top made of wide and uneven-pinnate leaves, the number of which in an adult palm can reach 35 wai. The trunk is formed and “stretched” gradually, there are vertical cracks and rings from falling leaves on it, the expansion at the base is small. The slope of the trunk is determined by the growth of the nut, it is more or less pronounced. Coconut palm leaves change with age. Young they are almost whole, but gradually the cuts on the leaf blades become deeper and wider, the leaves turn into cirrus and long. In indoor coconuts, the leaves are often divided into just a couple of segments. The coconut palm leaves and their lobes, like petioles, are very stiff. The length of the leaves is up to 2 - 3 meters. Flowering of nut coconut is impossible not only in indoor, but also in greenhouse conditions.
Coconut palms look very attractive: the contrast between half-buried walnut, from which initially slender and small, and then an increasingly graceful and interesting palm, rises, adds decorativeness to it. Palm trees lose at such a considerable age that it is practically impossible to wait for this in a room culture.
Coconut palm care at home
It is believed that indoor coconuts can "hold out" - even with a very good selection of conditions and the most thorough care - only 2-3 years. This palm tree is really very difficult to grow and it is more likely to start it for experiments or if you want to test your skills. How stably decorative palm nut coconut would be a very big mistake. Firstly, because of its sunlitness, it is impossible to place it in the interior. And secondly, the risk of loss is always higher than the probability of success. But if you want to try, get ready for tireless care.
Coconut tree lighting
The need to provide a coconut tree with very bright lighting throughout the year is largely due to all the difficulties in growing this plant. Coconut - a plant is not just photophilous. He needs a long daylight all year. And the only lighting option that suits this palm tree will be a sunny spot on the south windowsill or a place with artificial lighting. In winter, backlighting is welcome anywhere.
This is one of the most thermophilic palm trees, for which the minimum allowable temperatures are limited by the value of short-term drops to 16-17 degrees of heat. Throughout the year, a coconut tree prefers heat over moderate temperatures. In the summer, coconut feels best at temperatures from 23 degrees Celsius, but if the indicators remain above 21 degrees, then there should be no difficulties with the selection of premises.
Coconut palm need constant access to fresh air, regular airing. But it will not be so simple to carry them out with palm dislike for drafts and drastic changes in the environment.
Coconut tree watering and humidity
To preserve your coconut palm, you will have to monitor the stable moisture of the substrate. Even a single drying of an earthen coma, and even more so the absence of stable watering or prolonged drying, can lead to rapid death of the palm. The soil for coconut must always be moist. Between watering only a few upper centimeters of soil are allowed to dry. Coconut is afraid of excessive watering and dampness, therefore, for this crop, it is necessary to control the degree of drying of the substrate constantly. Estimated frequency of irrigation is about 3 times a week in the summer and once a week in the winter. In the summer you can carry out plentiful watering, and from autumn to spring use less water.
But if the difficulties with watering are familiar to everyone who grows exotics and various beautifully flowering beauties, and they are almost standard for any demanding plant, then with their intolerance to dry air the coconut palm tree will surprise anyone. This species needs very high humidity indicators - from 70% and not lower. Even a slight decrease in these values leads to a loss of decorativeness. And this is not only about the dry tips of the leaves of a coconut palm tree, but the vayas themselves gradually dry out and disappear. And the lower the humidity, the faster the palm dies. To create optimal conditions only by spraying, you will have to carry out these procedures not only in the morning and in the evening, but also up to 5-6 times a day. For a coconut palm, it is better to install large pallets with wet gravel, moss or expanded clay, and even better - maintain air humidity with special humidifying installations.
Both in spraying and in watering for a coconut palm, you can use only well-maintained, soft and warm water.
Nutritious Coconut Nutrition
Coconut tree needs very specific top dressing. For this plant, it is best to use not fertilizers for ornamental foliage plants or special preparations for palm trees, but fertilizer mixtures for bonsai or citrus fruits. Feed is applied only during the period of active development with a frequency of 1 time in 2 weeks in the summer and 1 time per month in the winter (reducing the dose of fertilizer by 2 times). You can refuse from winter top dressing of a coconut palm, but then the risk of loss of decorativeness increases. Feeding can be carried out according to the principle of garden plants: to fertilize at the beginning of spring growth, then 2-3 times in the summer, and the last feeding in mid-autumn. But in this case, highly concentrated fertilizers are used, which increases the risk of death.
On a coconut tree, the formation is not carried out, but it still needs periodic cleaning. The plant cut off dried or damaged leaves. But at the same time you need to be careful: you can cut off only completely dry wai, but you should not touch the sheets only slightly changed color and even half dry half.
Coconut tree transplant and substrate
Frequent coconut tree transplants are not needed. She is afraid of root injury and painfully reacts to the change of containers. If you buy an imported palm tree, then it is better to transplant it next spring in a new container (in no case until the end of the period of full adaptation to room conditions and quarantine). But the optimal frequency of transplants is once every 2 years for compact and nut-keeping palm trees and only as necessary, every 4-6 years for adults. In years when transplantation is not carried out, the top layer of the substrate must be replaced.
The substrate for growing coconut nut is selected from among the fibrous, rough, but very permeable earth mixtures. Suitable ready-made substrates for palm trees are suitable. If you are preparing your own soil mix, mix in equal parts sand, peat, turf soil, clay, humus and expanded clay or agroperlite. A mixture of turf soil with heather and sand in equal proportions is also suitable.
Coconut palms are not transplanted, but transplanted, trying to avoid even the slightest contact with the roots. Particular caution must be exercised when taking out the plant: any injury to the root root, even as a result of a complex extraction from the previous container, will be fatal. When transplanting a coconut, you should ensure that the nut is not completely filled: for the palm, the same level of penetration as in the previous container is observed - approximately half a nut. But a higher landing is not as dangerous as excessive falling asleep nut substrate. If a palm tree is thrown off, it is a very old plant, then the level of deepening is still kept the same. A very high drainage layer is laid at the bottom of the containers.
Coconut palm containers are usually taken large enough, increasing their diameter not by 2–3 cm, but by 4–6 cm, in order to eliminate the need for frequent transplants even at a young age.
Coconut tree diseases and pests
In indoor conditions, coconut palms are annoyed by 2 main "enemies" - mealy bugs and various types of rot. But there are on the palm tree and scale insects, and spider mites, especially active in case of violation of care in terms of air humidity.
Common growing problems:
- drying tips and leaves with irrigation or feeding problems;
- curl of leaves during overflow or drought;
- slow growth and lack of new leaves with improper feeding or need for transplantation;
- darkening and wilting of leaves in the cold.
Coconut tree propagation
This is one of the most difficult to reproduce palm trees, which can only be obtained from seeds. But this does not stop many from trying to grow a coconut tree on their own.
For cultivation use only ripe, ripe and fresh coconuts. Coconut is sprouted in wet peat, not deepening the nut completely, but leaving a “top” with holes for germination on the surface (2 to 3 points through which juice is usually drained). Pre-soaking in water from 45 to 80 degrees is welcome, but at a germination rate it is not displayed much.
From above, a container with a coconut palm tree is necessarily covered with glass or film, creating greenhouse conditions and traditionally aired daily. For germination, it is necessary to maintain a stable temperature of 25 degrees Celsius. The process of releasing a single embryo can take up to 5-6 months.
Coconut is transplanted immediately after the appearance of the sprout, deepening the nut less, only half. They do not separate the nut on their own: gradually, when the need for it disappears, the palm will “dump” it itself. Until then, they did not touch him, but they protected him from any contacts.