Banana (Latin Musa) is a genus of perennial herbaceous plants of the Banana family (Musaceae), whose homeland is the tropics of Southeast Asia and, in particular, the Malay archipelago.
Bananas are also called the fruits of these plants, eaten. Currently, various varieties of the sterile triploid cultigen Musa paradisiaca (an artificial species that is not found in the wild), created on the basis of some species of these plants, are widely cultivated in tropical countries and in many of them make up a major share of export. Among the crops grown, banana ranks fourth in the world, second only to rice, wheat and corn.
The genus unites over 40 species, distributed mainly in Southeast Asia and the Pacific Islands. The most northern species - Japanese Banana (Musa basjoo), originally from the Japanese Ryukyu Islands, is also grown as an ornamental plant on the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus, Crimea and Georgia.
In April 2003, I bought banana seeds. In the package there were 3 pieces and all were large. On the package it was written that the minimum duration of germination is 6 weeks. I sawed the seeds, soaked for 2 days, and then planted. On the 5th day, one seed began to germinate. Banana grew very fast. By December, he reached a height of more than two meters and grew in a 10-liter pot. But he did not live to spring. Probably flooded or affected by a lack of light.
I really wanted to grow a banana again, and I bought a finished plant in the store. There were light brown spots on the leaves. From the book, I determined that it was a dwarf banana (Musa nana). What species the banana grown from seeds belonged to, I could not determine.
The banana grew rapidly, one by one unfolding leaves, but remained low, a little more than a meter high. The length of the sheet is 70 cm. Several times it gave shoots that took root well when planted.
Now about leaving. It grows quickly, so it requires transplanting into large pots.
The soil needs nutrient. I use purchased soil.
From March to September I feed, alternating organic and mineral fertilizers. I apply and foliar top dressing. Banana loves spraying and frequent watering in the summer. In the autumn-winter period, cool content is required, which is difficult to create in the apartment, so the leaves dry at the edges. Of the pests, the most common spider mite.
Banana is a berry. A banana plant is the largest plant that does not have a solid trunk. The stem of a banana grass sometimes reaches 10 meters in height, and 40 centimeters in diameter. As a rule, 300 fruits weighing 500 kg are usually hung on one such stalk.
© Banana patrol
10 things that not many people know about bananas
- The first president of Zimbabwe was Canaan Banana.
- Bananas are not only yellow, but also red. Reds have a more delicate pulp, and they do not tolerate transportation. Seychelles island MAO is the only place in the world where gold, red and black bananas grow. Locals eat them, of course: this is a side dish served with lobsters and clams.
- Bananas contain more vitamin B6 than other fruits. It is known that this vitamin is responsible for a good mood.
- By weight, the banana crop is the second largest crop in the world, ahead of grapes in third place, and giving first place to oranges.
- India and Brazil produce more bananas than any other country in the world.
- Bananas are almost one and a half times more nutritious than potatoes, and dried bananas have five times more calories than raw ones. One banana contains up to 300 mg of potassium, which helps fight high blood pressure and strengthens the heart muscle. Each of us needs 3 or 4 g of potassium per day.
- Mait Lepik from Estonia won the world's first speed banana eating competition. He managed to eat 10 bananas in 3 minutes. His secret was to absorb bananas along with the peel - so he saved time.
- In Latin, a banana is called "musa sapientum", which means "fruit of a wise man."